In 2020, ABALON Trust received a grant from Power to Change to promote wellness to its network.  Our work means we are uniquely placed to provide targeted support to people of Black British, African American, African, or Caribbean heritage.  These communities experience inequalities in health that must be eliminated.

Countdown to World Sight Day 2024

ABALON Trust is an innovative, international eye-health charity working with medically underserved communities in sub-Saharan Africa, The Caribbean and The United Kingdom.

Thursday, 10 October 2024








Wellness Library

This page is dedicated to provided information that keeps our community healthy and well! It addresses health inequalities we seek to eliminate.  It also provides information on two common diseases:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)

These increase cardiovascular and eye health risk.

Click on any of the six categories below to access resources on that category.

National Paediatric Audit Identifies widening inequalities gap in children with Type-1 Diabetes.

The percentage of Black children with type 1 diabetes using CGMs is 11.7% and for insulin pumps 26.7%, whereas for White children these percentages are close to double at 20.2% and 39.8% respectively.

children and young people with type 1 diabetes from ethnic minority backgrounds are more likely to have higher average blood sugar levels (HbA1c) compared to White children. Black children and young people were found to have the highest average HbA1c levels, followed by children with a Mixed ethnic background and Asian children, and then White children, respectively. The report also shows that children in the most deprived areas are more likely to have higher average HbA1c levels than those in less deprived areas.

If you or your child have Type-1 Diabetes, please talk to your GP, Diabetes Nurse or Consultant  about health inequalities and access to blood glucose monitoring technologies.

(June 2021)


Black people are 50% less likely than white individuals to be prescribed newer medication, such as ‘SGLT2 inhibitors’ and ‘GLP-1 agonists’ that are used to lower blood sugar and have other benefits on the cardiovascular system. Those from an Asian background were 15% less likely than white people to be prescribed insulin and 50% less likely to be prescribed GLP-1 agonists.  If you have Type-2 Diabetes, please talk to your GP about health inequalities and access to newer medicines.

(October 2019)


Article – Heart healthy African and Caribbean diets. 


Video – Low Salt Recipe: Jollof Rice.

Video – Low Salt Recipe: Fish and Beans.

Video – I am Black. How can I avoid Type 2 diabetes?

Video – Black. Diagnosed with diabetes. What next?

Book – Carbs & Cals World Foods: A visual guide to African, Arabic, Caribbean, and South Asian foods for diabetes & weight management.


Flashcards – Carbs & Cals Flashcards WORLD FOODS: 64 double-sided flashcards with African, Arabic, Caribbean & South Asian foods.

The Carbs & Cals WORLD FOODS Flashcards are a visual guide to counting carbs, calories and other nutrients in African, Arabic, Caribbean & South Asian foods.